Rosario Sánchez Mora joined the Anti-fascist Resistance
in Spain on the same day as the military coup and took part in defending
Madrid were she became known la Dinamitera, the Dynamiter, for
her expertise with bombs. She lost her right hand in an bomb making
accident and served the rest of the war in non combat-roles.
the fascist victory she served three years in jail. After the fall of
the Franco dictatorship she began speaking about her experiences as an
Mika Etchebehere was an Argentinian marxist who in 1936
joined the fight against fascism in Spain and became a commander in the
P.O.U.M-militia. After the war she went to live in Paris were she took
part in the uprising in 1968.
Djamila Bouhired was a leader and a militant in the
Algerian struggle for independence in charge of the armed operations of
the Front de Libération Nationale in Algiers. Today she is involved in
feminist movements in Algeria.
Comandante Ramona was an officer in the General Command
of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation. During the Zapatista
uprising of 1994 she lead the forces that seized San Cristóbal de las
Casas. She passed away in 2006 after a long fight with cancer.
“It is interesting to observe that revolutionary
communist women have always been on the offensive when they are
fighting against the revisionists. The reason may be because they are
painfully aware that revisionism breeds bureaucratization, which in turn
strengthens patriarchal values, ultimately negating women in politics.”
The insignia of the Federación de Mujeres Cubanas, the Cuban Women’s Federation.
The person depicted is Vilma Espín, the organizations long time
leader and a veteran from the guerrilla struggle in the Sierra Maestra
mountains who passed away in 2007.
“Women, regardless of their race, creed, color or
political affiliation, have the right to participate in the
revolutionary struggle in any way that their desire and capacity
- EZLN, Women’s Revolutionary Law
In 1995 an Indian tribal girl, Ramko Hichami, from the village
Jhaveli joined the Naxal movement. She rose through the ranks and in
2000 became commander of her Local Organisational Squad. She was known
under the alias Raneeta.
August 22 2011 a police force from Poteagon attacked the village were
Raneetas troop was hiding. The others got away but a wounded Raneeta
remained, fighting of the police.
For six hours she fought a total of 250 police officers and
paramilitary commandos, killing two and injuring two. Not even when a
grenade tore of her leg bellow the knee did she stop firing her old
fashioned muzzle-loaded rifle from the small maize field were she had
By 4 in the afternoon a team from the special anti-Naxalite COBRA Force stormed the field and killed her.
Her bravery and determination will not be forgotten.
Tamara Bunke, codename Tania, was born to German communist refugees
in Argentina, studied in DDR and moved to Cuba. In 1964 she joined Che
Guevara in Bolivia as an espionage agent and guerrilla fighter. She was
killed in an ambush on August 31, 1967.